T.esticular cancer does not get as much attention as prostate cancer, for example, as does disease awareness campaigns in men. And that’s understandable if you take a quick look at some key facts: The disease is rare, accounting for about 0.05 percent of all new cancer cases in men, and many patients experience positive results afterwards surgery and or chemotherapy Treatments. But these facts don’t tell the full story. Testicular cancer is also the most common cancer in men ages 15 to 44. Many of them do not self-screen for cancers, which turn out to be the easiest cancers to detect.
ON current survey from the testicular cancer advocacy group CACTI (Center for Cancer Advocacy of Testicular International) found that about 45 percent of men never or rarely examine themselves for testicular cancer. And almost half of all men didn’t know the importance of self-examination or didn’t take the idea of one seriously. The data are particularly worrying because a simple, regular examination of the testicles can be critical to finding a lump or other suspicious changes – and potentially helping to improve patient outcomes by detecting the disease early. “It can be seen whether someone is doing a self-examination,” says Farshid Sadeghi, MD, urological oncologist with us Phoenix Hospital. “But it can be difficult to see, or it can be seen late if young men never check themselves out.”
A SURVEY OF MORE THAN 1,000 MEN FOUND:
- 46 percent of the men surveyed stated that they did not conduct any self-examinations.
- While most men recognize that testicular cancer can be hereditary, 40 percent of men surveyed believe they can get testicular cancer if they wear tight underwear, take a spin class, or have too much or too little sex.
- 63 percent of men surveyed know that testicular cancer is rare, but few know that it is most common in young men and adolescents.
- Source: cacti.org
Testicular cancer, also called testicular cancer, is typically treated with surgery, and sometimes chemotherapy radiotherapy. In most cases, the affected testicle will be removed and a biopsy done to determine the specific cancer type. Affected lymph nodes are also removed, but unlike many other lymph nodes connected to other organs, the lymph nodes connected to the testes are not in the groin or pelvis, but rather in the chest around the aorta and vena cava, two of the largest blood vessels that carried it to the heart. “It’s a bit of a challenging operation because you’re operating on large blood vessels,” says Dr. Sadeghi. “But it’s a worthwhile operation because once you’ve cleaned these areas, the patient often has very positive results.”
COMMON SIGNS OF TESTICULAR CANCER:
- Hard lumps or nodules on both testicles
- A change in the way the testicle looks or feels
- Swelling in the scrotum
- A dull pain in the abdomen or scrotum
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Enlarged or swollen breasts
The disease causes 400 deaths from cancer each year, one-tenth the number Breast cancer Fatalities and far less frequent than others cancer, such as Lung cancer (150,000) and Colon cancer (50,000). Still, testicular cancer can spread and metastasize quickly if not detected early. Therefore, says Dr. Sadeghi, it is important for young men to check themselves regularly to better feel differences in their testicles over time. “The key is that you need to have done yourself a self-exam to know how your testicles feel so that you can better spot changes,” he says. “If you feel a hard lump or irregularity in the shape, or if one feels different from the other, you should get examined.” CACTI offers a Guide to self-examination on his website.